Useful resources for stained glass conservators

Useful articles, resources and links for heritage scientists

The Icon Stained Glass Group has compiled a library of documents, guidelines and articles that lay a sound foundation for ethical conservation in stained glass. Please view this area as an evolving resource where comments and suggestions are welcomed and email the Group with your suggestions for additions and amendments.


Rauch, I. The Conservation and Restoration of Historic Stained Glass: an Introduction to the Problems from the Corpus Vitrearum (CVMA)

Brown, S. and Strobl, S. A Fragile Inheritance: The Care of Stained Glass and Historic Glazing. Church House Publishing: 2002

Horie, Velson. Materials for Conservation. Butterworth-Heinemann, 1987

Pilosi, L., Shepard, M, and Strobl, S. Art of Collaboration: Stained Glass Conservation in the Twenty-first Century. USA: 2010

The British Society of Master Glass Painters

Building Conservation Directory: Articles about Stained Glass

Vidimus, the monthly online magazine of the CVMA, focusing on stained glass articles, news and reviews

Stained Glass in Wales

Anderson, D. Stained Glass and its Decay

Dungworth, D. 'The Value of Historic Window Glass' in The Historic Environment 2:1 (2011), 21-48

Professional Standards, Charters and Guidelines

The Corpus Vitrearum Guidelines for the Conservation and Restoration of Stained Glass are the only conservation guidelines which deal specifically in stained glass, having been approved in 2004

The International Charter for the Conservation and Restoration of Monuments and Sites, known as The Venice Charter, was approved in 1964 and applies to historic sites and monuments

Conservation Theory

Applebaum, B. Conservation Treatment Methodology. CreateSpace, 2011

Brandi, Cesare. Theory of Restoration. Firenze: Nardini, 2005


CONSTGLAS: EU-Research Project Conservation Materials for Stained Glass Windows by the Fraunhofer Institute. This large-scale project was funded by the EU Commission and conducted research and analysis on resins, adhesives and other forms of conservation treatments carried out throughout the nineteenth and twentieth century on stained glass across Europe

The two-year Boppard Project at the Burrell Collection was funded by the Clothworkers’ Foundation, and consisted of the conservation and research of the medieval stained glass from the Carmelite Church at Boppard-on-Rhine


Glass Paints and Surface Treatments

Anderson, P. Glass Painting Techniques in a Historical Context

Brown, S. et al. Art at the Surface: Creation, Recognition and Conservation. Transactions of the 10th Forum for the Conservation and Technology of Stained Glass, Cambridge, 2017

Schalm, O. et al. “Enamels in stained glass windows: Preparation, chemical composition, microstructure and causes of deterioration” in Spectrochimica Acta Part B: Atomic Spectroscopy 64:8 (August 2009), Pages 812-820

Gilchrist,A. The tears wept by our windows Severe paint loss from stained glass windows of the mid-nineteenth century, MA thesis (University of York, 2010)

Peter van Treeck, ‘On the artistic technique of glass painting in the Age of Dürer and Holbein and its conservation problems’ in Barbara Butts and Lee Hendrix


Strobl, S. Lead in Stained Glass Windows: Integral Part or Disposable Commodity?

Egan, G. “Marked Window Leads” in Post-Medieval Archaeology 46:2 (2012), 291-303


Ashley-Smith, Jonathan. Science for Conservators: Cleaning. London: Conservation Unit, 1984.

Römich, H. et al. Cleaning: a Balancing Act in Restaurierung und Konservierung historischer Glasmalereien, edited by A. Wolff, (Mainz, 2000), 101-128. [Available online in English translation by Becker-Hounslow, Steffani; Spooner, Joseph; and Strobl, Sebastian]

Leonie Seliger, MA ACR, Head of Stained Glass Conservation Dept, Canterbury Cathedral, Cleaning Historic Stained Glass Windows

Adhesives and Consolidants

Ashley-Smith, Jonathan. Science for Conservators: Adhesives and Coatings. London: Conservation Unit, 1984

Chapman, S. "The use of Paraloid B72 as a surface consolidant", in Journal of American Institute for Conservation, p 381-392 (2013)

Koob, S. “Paraloid B-72®: 25 years of use as a consolidant and adhesive for ceramics and glass” in Holding it All Together, edited by J. Ambers, C. Higgitt, L. Harrison, and D. Saunders, London: Archetype Publications Ltd, 2009, pp. 113-119


Applebaum, B. Criteria for Treatment: Reversibility in Journal of the American Institute for Conservation 26:2 (1987), 65-73

Petzet, M. “Reversibility as a principle of modern preservation", Restauro 24, n.131-132, (1995).

Rauch, I. "Handle With Care: Ethics, Approaches, and Best Practice in Stained-Glass Conservation Today" in The Art of Collaboration: Stained-Glass Conservation in the 21st Century, edited by Mary B. Shepard, Lisa Pilosi and Sebastian Strobl, 44-51. London, Harvey Miller, 2010

Oddy, A. and Carroll, S. British Museum Occasional Paper 135. Reversibility: Does it Exist? 1999

Protective Glazing

Curteis, T. and Luxford, N. Protective Glazing

Bambrough, M. Aesthetic Protective Glazing

Barley, K. "A History of Protective Glazing” in The Art of Collaboration: Stained-Glass Conservation in the 21st Century, edited by Mary B. Shepard, Lisa Pilosi, and Sebastian Strobl, 111-17. London: Harvey Miller, 2010.

Oidtmann, S.; Leissner, J.; and Römich, H.. “Protective Glazing.” in Restaurierung und Konservierung historischer Glasmalereien, edited by A. Wolff, (Mainz, 2000), 167-209. Available online in English translation by Becker-Hounslow, Steffani; Spooner, Joseph; and Strobl, Sebastian as Protective Glazing